National Child Employment Raising Awareness Month

Published: 07 April 2022

During April Local Authorities across the country are raising awareness about child employment. This will involve visits to Local Employers offering advice and stressing the importance of Employers applying for work permits when employing young people.

Did you know it is illegal for any school age child to work part-time without a work permit, and that without a permit they will not be covered by employers' insurance?

It is illegal for children under the age of 13 to work. However, many young people from the age of 13 benefit from part-time working but a lack of awareness about child employment laws may leave children between the age of 13 and 16 vulnerable to exploitation and injury.

It is the employer's responsibility to apply for a work permit. Child employment laws exist to safeguard school age employees and work permits are issued within defined limits including: nature of duties, times of day and amount of hours. There are also restrictions on the type of work which can be carried out including selling alcohol, cigarettes and medicines or working with dangerous machinery.

If a child is working without a child employment permit, there’s a risk that the employer won’t be insured against accidents involving the child. Without a permit, the employer is breaking the law and can be prosecuted.

I am contacting local businesses and other agencies to raise awareness as part of this programme. I have enclosed a poster which I would be grateful if you would display.

If you would like to discuss this, please do not hesitate to contact me on 07870 998947

Lisa Adams

Child Employment Officer


National Child Employment Raising Awareness Month - Yearly Event which takes place during April
The 1933 Children Act & Local Authority Byelaws govern the employment of school aged children to ensure young workers are protected, treated fairly and aware of their rights.

Local Authorities across the UK during April each year highlight the law with regards to children of compulsory school age working part-time by: distributing posters and leaflets in libraries, community and shopping centres; presentations and resources into schools and organisations as well as contacting employers.

During one Child Employment Month 1394 employers were visited and out of 1092 children found working, 541 of these were being employed illegally, mostly without the necessary employment (work) permit. Most of the employers were unaware of the legislation regarding the employment of school-aged children and the legal requirement of a permit.

What does the law say?
The law allows a young person to be employed from 14, but Local Authorities can permit a young person to be employed from 13. The Law specifies the permitted hours, types of employment and makes it essential for employers to obtain a permit for school age employees. It includes the rights of the employee and the responsibilities of the employer. Employers who breach this legislation are risking the safety of young people and can face fines of up to £1000.
It is a sad fact that those 541 (approx 38%) were, more than likely, not covered by any form of insurance, regardless of the policies that the employer has in force.

The Association of British Insurers quoted that, where an employer breaks a law or Regulation, any incident would normally invalidate the insurance policy. Employers must ensure that they have carried out all obligations in law and also are aware of any risks and other necessary safety procedures before they employ a child.

Therefore, any contravention of any Statute Law or Regulation governing the employment of school aged children (and there are over 200 such laws or Regulations) would invalidate the insurance policies the employer may have.

• One school aged pupil was very seriously burned whilst working in a kitchen. He was employed illegally and without a permit. He was not covered by the employer's insurance and therefore did not receive any compensation for his injuries. Another boy had the nerves and tendons in his hand severed when he slipped and fell whilst delivering milk. He was also employed illegally and without a permit.

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