Header Image for Nantyglo & Blaina Town Council

History

Town CrestTown Logo. The Town Council Logo as featured here and on the home page depicts: One Round Tower; Rail Track; Miners Safety Lamp and a Scrolled Charter.

Round TowerThe Round Tower is symbolic of the oppression of the workforce. Two towers were built circa 1816-22 by Joseph Bailey, owner of the Nantyglo Iron Works. Fearful of a workers uprising, they were built as a place of refuge for himself and his family. The four feet thick walls provide the first line of defence while impenetrable iron plate doors set into a stone porch roofed with curved spikes prevent entry to the upper floors.

The uprising, when it manifested itself during November 1839 was not at his home but as a march and riot at Newport in support of the Chartist Movement.

Railway TracksThe Rail Tracks are to depict the main product of the iron works, bars of pig iron was brought from the nearby works at Beaufort to be converted into rails by passing through the rolling mills at
Nantyglo. The completed rails were exported throughout the world.

Miners Safety LampThe Miners Safety Lamp is in respect to the generations of mineworkers who toiled underground to produce the fuel for the ironworks, railways and shipping. In later years all the locally  mined coal, which was regarded as the world’s finest coking coal, was used in the production of steel at the Llanwern steel works. The last mine in Nantyglo and Blaina was Beynons Colliery which closed 1975.

CharterThe Scrolled Charter is representative of the pride that the residents of Nantyglo and Blaina feel about the town’s historic connection with the Chartist movement. A plaque on the frontage of the Royal Oak, the home of Chartist Leader Zephaniah Williams reads:


CHARTIST RIOTS
HISTORICALLY THIS BUILDING WAS ONCE THE
ROYAL OAK INN
THE LANDLORD ZEPHANIAH WILLIAMS
LED A MARCH COMPRISING OF MEN FROM THIS NEIGHBOURHOOD
TO NEWPORT ON NOVEMBER 2nd 1839
THE SUPPORTERS OF THE CHARTER THROUGHOUT THE
COUNTY WERE TO MEET AT CEFN, TWO MILES FROM
NEWPORT, ON THE EVENING OF NOVEMBER 3rd
TO MARCH UPON THE TOWN

The Chartists entered Newport at approximately 8.00 am on the 4th November 22 including 4 from Nantyglo and Blaina were shot dead.